Property tax lien certificate holders can even foreclose the properties attached to those certificates. If you are late on your property tax payments, you will be assessed a penalty, possibly as much as 10 percent (or as much as your state allows) that will begin the day after the due date. Each state handles delinquent property taxes in their own manner. If I pay someone else's property taxes, can I use it as a deduction on my income tax return? I doubt it's all that rare that someone else pays these - especially for young couples buying their first home. If no one pays these taxes, the taxing authority can put a lien on the property and eventually foreclose. For example, if a person doesn't pay her property taxes and her parents pay them, the parents aren't considered owners of the home. Every state is different. In general what happens is the county tax authority places a tax lien on the property. Typically, each landowner pays his own taxes, or they are paid through a third party, such as a bank or mortgage company. If there are no heirs, the state would take over the estate of the person who died. Not all states sell property when taxes are delinquent; however, some sell a lien certificate on the property instead. For example, your parents or friends could step in and pay your delinquent property taxes if they'd like. You can also deduct the mortgage interest you pay. I am a retired Registered Investment Advisor with 12 years experience as head of an investment management firm. When homeowners don’t pay their property taxes, the overdue amount becomes a lien on the property. In some states it can take several years before the tax buyer gets title to the property. But this does not give that person living rights to a home. Typically, counties wait one to two years before they foreclose for delinquent property taxes, which gives people time to pay them. Paying someone else's taxes can get you a property, but not always Paying someone's taxes does not give you claim or ownership interest in a property, unless it's through a tax deed sale. Sometimes known as death duties. If you pay someone's property taxesyou would be considered a volunteer. But when a homeowner doesn’t pay the property taxes, the overdue amount becomes a lien on the home. Is Mortgage Interest Deductible After a Divorce? In general, when you pay someone else's property taxes you're doing a good deed, but that's about it. Most, if not all, states have statutes that provide that an occupant or user of real estate can obtain ownership rights to the property if … But there may be tax consequences to paying off student loans. Q: I am from the island of Maui in the state of Hawaii.I am the president of my family’s S-corp. If no one pays these taxes, the taxing authority can put a lien on the property and eventually foreclose. Local governments and municipalities owed property taxes have no concern about who pays the taxes. There's no law against it, and some homeowners might encourage it because, except in the most unusual circumstances, there's no benefit to you for paying them. In most states, as in Florida, you have to file a legitimate title claim or, under adverse possession, continuously occupy the property – the statutory period in Florida is seven years – and be able to show that you've improved the property during your occupancy. 1. As long as you pay off the delinquent amount before your home is foreclosed or your foreclosed home is sold, you'll retain ownership of the property. Can a Creditor Put a Lien on a Home That Is in Joint Tenancy? People paying delinquent taxes on someone else's property sometimes wonder who can claim any available property tax deductions. Someone else paying your rent, mortgage, food or utilities. (Learn about your options to avoid a tax sale if you can’t keep up with the property taxes.) I'm planning on paying the property taxes of a home my mother-in-law owns. Why Zacks? The more mundane reality of adverse possession claims is that they usually have to do with a fence or the side of someone's garage being over the property line. California hold tax deed auctions on properties where owners are already five years delinquent on taxes. To make matters easier, any individual can pay taxes on someone else's property with no effect on the ownership of … Tony Guerra served more than 20 years in the U.S. Navy. At the center of everything we do is a strong commitment to independent research and sharing its profitable discoveries with investors. In most places, property taxes are due every year. Special exceptions: There are a few special circumstances where someone else can pay your household expenses without affecting your SSI. These returns cover a period from 1986-2011 and were examined and attested by Baker Tilly, an independent accounting firm. Redemption is the time give to the property owner or any interested party to redeem the property by paying the tax lien, which will include the owed taxes, penalties, costs, and interests. NYSE and AMEX data is at least 20 minutes delayed. While paying the property taxes on property owned someone else, will not automatically establish a Lien on the property, you can perfect the Lien by filing it in the Public Records, usually in the Office of the Tax Assessor, or Office of the Tax Collector, or a similar name. Due-on-sale clause: See if the mortgage has a due-on-sale clause, which states that the entire loan is due and payable if the borrower transfers the property to someone else, especially a non-family member. Tax implications for inheritances of property. Typically, each landowner pays his own taxes, or they are paid through a third party, such as a bank or mortgage company. It happens! If Mom is willing to pay, you could have her get a money order in your name and mail it with the payment voucher. If the Survivor staff wanted to cover Hatch’s taxes, they could have added the cost of the taxes to his million-dollar prize, or reimbursed him the money after tax day. The transfer frequently occurs with a sale or giving the property to another. I Want to Buy a Short Sale but Squatters Will Not Leave, Difference Between the Name on the House's Title Vs. Its Mortgage, Foreclosure Right of Redemption & Tenant's Rights in Maryland. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act puts a cap on the amount that you can take in state and local taxes, known as the SALT deduction, to $10,000 in total. You can claim the property taxes you paid in the 2018 tax year on your federal income taxes, but there is a limit. Keep Me Signed In What does "Remember Me" do? It took a while for my wife to explain it as it is a very different transaction type. Unpaid Property Taxes: What Happens and What You Can Do. The borrower then must pay additional funds for property taxes (as well as homeowners' insurance and homeowners' association fees in some cases) to the lender along with the principal and interest as part of the monthly payment.. New Member June 4, … There's an old story about the squatter who comes and takes your land. If the homeowners does pay off the amount owed along with interest and other penalties, the tax buyer gets his money back along with interest. He also spent seven years as an airline operations manager. Owing property taxes is scary. What Happens if You Don’t Pay Property Taxes. Logos for Yahoo, MSN, MarketWatch, Nasdaq, Forbes, Investors.com, and Morningstar, Tax Deductions for Second Home With Child's Name on Mortgage, Claiming the Tax Deductions on a House With Multiple Names on the Deed. Some states, though not California, allow counties to sell their property tax liens as certificates, which give purchasers certain lienholder rights. Purchasers of property tax lien certificates are paid interest on them, with owners warned by counties that their tax liens now belong to others. Any method of paying for someone else’s mortgage would qualify as a gift. A:Generally, the payment of real estate taxes alone is never sufficient to give the taxpayer ownership rights to a property. In most places, property taxes are due every year. Visit performance for information about the performance numbers displayed above. And remember, the giver pays the tax, not the recipient. Once this happens, your option to use the equity in your home to pay your tax bill is suspended, as you generally cannot refinance or sell your house until the fiscal obligation is satisfied and the lien is removed. They're not even deductible expenses because, at the time you pay them, you're not – and may never be – the owner, and only the owner can claim a tax payment as an expense. If an individual inherits property from their deceased spouse, when they sell it or when they eventually die, they will have to pay taxes on the full capital gain made from the time their spouse acquired the property. Counties maintain lists of property tax liens and whether they're selling them and when. We are not legal experts so this is an overview only and advice should be sought from a qualified practitioner where there is any doubt and/or the sums are significant. The surviving owner or owners continue to own the property after one owner dies, inheriting the deceased's share by operation of law. The amount you'll pay to file a property tax appeal will depend on where you live and the value of your home. This dedication to giving investors a trading advantage led to the creation of our proven Zacks Rank stock-rating system. The individual owns 100% in his or her sole name without the remainder being transferred to someone else at the time of the owner's death. Florida Property Tax Lien Sales and Tax Deed Sales. If an individual inherits property from their deceased spouse, when they sell it or when they eventually die, they will have to pay taxes on the full capital gain made from the time their spouse acquired the property. Not traditional. The property is titled in one individual's name in "fee simple absolute" in real estate. The woman is still the homeowner of record. Discover the tax implications of giving property to a loved one, whether a family home or a buy-to-let, and find out how to avoid the pitfalls. This means the adverse claimant must be able to prove that you were the exclusive possessor of the property during the requisite time frame. Also, if the property owner itemizes deductions on their income tax return, they’ll be unable to deduct the property tax that was paid by someone else. In some states it can take several years before the tax buyer gets title to the property. If unopposed, after a certain number of years, the trespass can become a right, and the garage or the fence can stay where it is. Like other debts, property taxes when someone dies are wrapped into the estate. But if the homebuyer fails to come forward at any time, eventually the tax buyer will get title to the home. Can I claim the property tax if they're in someone else's name. Property taxes are often paid through an escrow account that the mortgage lender establishes. In Texas, for example, occupancy for purposes of adverse possession must extend a minimum of five years, and under some circumstances, requires 10 years of continuous occupancy. That wouldn't give you any fee interest in the property. What Happens if the Mello-Roos Is Not Paid? I say that government takes the house and sells it and gives the difference to the owner. And remember, the giver pays the tax, not the recipient. Paying taxes does not establish actual possession, but may be admitted by some courts as evidence of claim of right. If the tax lien holder wants the property themselves, they can bid on it just like anybody else, but since the property never changes hands, the bid becomes a wash, they pay the 19,000 to the county out of their own pocket. For this reason, if you're the legal owner, it's always a good idea to keep your tax records for seven years, in case you need to show a judge you've paid them. A lien effectively makes the property act as collateral for the debt. In the very beginning, taxes can be paid up to 15 days later than the due date without incurring any penalty…. Owing property taxes is scary. If the Survivor staff wanted to cover Hatch’s taxes, they could have added the cost of the taxes to his million-dollar prize, or reimbursed him the money after tax … The tax amount is generally based on the assessed property value. Paying Delinquent Property Taxes in Texas. (Learn about your options … In the United States, if you give someone a certain amount of money without receiving a service in return, you become liable for the gift tax. Can I File Head of Household if I Got Married in July? If that’s the situation, it would be better for your benefactor to give you cash as a gift, and then you can pay the tax and get the deduction. If someone pays your share of household expenses, your SSI check will be lowered. Guerra is a former realtor, real-estate salesperson, associate broker and real-estate education instructor. Tax Sales and Foreclosure Moratorium in Many Places Due to COVID-19. You have an "equitable interest", in the property, and can deduct the Real estate tax you pay. Winning the deed at auction gives you ownership and title on the house. Learn to Be a Better Investor. Personal name: Advantage: The transfer duty is low - up to R500 000 the transfer duty is Rnil. Tax deferral is another option you may want to discuss with a property tax lawyer. However, if you need to pay the mortgage off over a long period of time and don’t want it to be in the original owner’s name anymore, assuming the mortgage is the only way to do it. Unpaid Property Taxes: What Happens and What You Can Do. Will I Still Owe Property Taxes If I Walk Away From My House? The Low Incomes Tax Reform Group (LITRG) explain what happens to the ownership of assets that are jointly owned by the deceased and someone else at the date of death. That's because unless you're careful, when renting to relatives the property can be classified as a personal residence, not as a rental. All states have laws that allow the local government to sell a home through a tax sale process to collect delinquent taxes. Making a direct contribution to someone else’s mortgage is the easiest way to pay the mortgage of a third party. If this happens, you'll lose some valuable tax deductions. Tax implications for inheritances of property. Ask Question Asked 10 years, 3 months ago. If the record title owner also paid property taxes during this time, your adverse possession claim will fail. CNN Money: The Other Foreclosure Crisis: Losing a Home Over $400 in Taxes, Investopedia: Investing in Property Tax Liens, SaveWealth.com: Tax Liens and Real Estate, Bankrate: Buying a Home in a Tax Lien Sale. So, yes, taxes were due, someone else either paid them or bought the bill from the county and now that person has the right to foreclose, get a judgment and sell the property. Thus, paying someone else's property taxes is helpful to the homeowner but doesn't have any other benefit to the person paying the taxes. She owns the house, but I live there. Can someone else pay for my taxes? In Tennessee, payment of property taxes for 20 years by a person without color of title would support a claim of adverse possession, along with other evidence that you have openly claimed to be the sole owner of the property. I suggest you consult with a lawyer - a realtor may be able to recommend someone. 0 1,037 Reply. Gift Tax Implications of Putting Children on a Quitclaim Deed, The Statute of Limitations for a Judgment Lien on a House. Luckily, there are a lot of options before that happens. By buying a tax lien certificate you are, in effect, paying off the back taxes attached to the property listed on the certificate. Delinquent or back property taxes have caused many homeowners to lose their properties. If you're a property owner, it's a scary myth, and if you're attracted to the idea of getting something for nothing, it's appealing. What If You Can’t Pay Unpaid Property Taxes? A … Typically, property taxes are paid through the mortgage company. If the executor doesn't do so, he or she can be personally liable to the IRS. Payment of someone else's property's taxes, delinquent or not, can also help a squatter eventually establish property rights to property on which he's squatting. But be careful what you wish for, you're got a family mess if you're trying to take the house away from him. Being late on your property taxes isn't the end of the world. It is usually not hard to find out if your property taxes are being paid by your lender or by someone else, but you may need to check very year to find out if anything has changed, since many county tax offices will not automatically provide … To make matters easier, any individual can pay taxes on someone else's property with no effect on the ownership of … Other states have slightly different requirements, but all specify long periods of unopposed, open and continuous occupancy. It is generally the executor's responsibility to ensure these taxes are paid before the deceased person's property is given to heirs. Since taxes are paid first in a foreclosure case the tax lien holder won't care how much is owed on the mortgage, he will get his money before the bank does. Creditors do not particularly care who pays the bill. You can't just move onto unoccupied property and assume title. When property taxes become too far past due in payment, some states will sell the property deed as a way to recuperate the taxes they're owed. Each State has a different name for that Office, but, their function is the same. Gift the down payment Offering money for a down payment works in pretty much the same way—except when it comes to the mortgage. However, payment of … What Happens if You Don’t Pay Property Taxes. However, your friend or family member may be responsible for filing gift tax returns and for paying any applicable gift tax on the payment. He holds a master's degree in management and a bachelor's degree in interdisciplinary studies. The tax amount is generally based on the assessed property value. Can a Lien Be Put on a House Before Foreclosure? This is where the concept of property tax ownership is a myth, since it takes more than paying taxes to make property ownership legal. As far as residential property is concerned, there are two ways in which to purchase the property: in your personal name or in a Trust. Can a Co-Owner of Real Property Rent Without the Others Permission? **Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to offer the most correct information possible. Each state has its own requirements when it comes to paying someone else's property taxes. Tax liens not bought at auction are sold as over the counter. All other lenders and creditors are given nothing. But it's largely just a myth. New Member June 4, … First, the taxes must be delinquent and, if you're the person trying to make the claim, you must be the only person paying them. That wouldn't give you any fee interest in the property. Can someone else pay for my taxes? By Amy Loftsgordon, Attorney. Payment of someone else's property's taxes, delinquent or not, can also help a squatter eventually establish property rights to property on which he's squatting. Gift the down payment Offering money for a down payment works in pretty much the same way—except when it comes to the mortgage. The California law requires that to take ownership of a property, the person occupying it must do so openly, alone and continuously for five years without objection from the owner. Trips to the grocery store are undoubtedly fine, but a long vacation will likely restart the five-year clock. For example, if the true owner regularly pays taxes on the land, even while a disseisor has taken actual possession of the land by his regular use and improvement of it, the true owner's payment of taxes does not affect the disseisor's actual possession. If you pay someone's property taxesyou would be considered a volunteer. JulieCo. If a tax lien is purchased by an investor against your property, and they foreclose on it, this can make a situation where you are unable to pay your property taxes even worse for your mortgage lender. NASDAQ data is at least 15 minutes delayed. Luckily, there are a lot of options before that happens. It's typically levied at a county or city level. My friend says that if property (real estate) taxes are not paid the government takes away property, sells it and keeps all the money, regardless of the amount owned. If your loved one paid the house off in full, though, the bill would start coming directly to him. You have an "equitable interest", in the property, and can deduct the Real estate tax you pay. Paying Delinquent Property Taxes in Texas As long as you pay off the delinquent amount before your home is foreclosed or your foreclosed home is sold, you'll retain ownership of the property. This includes rent, mortgage, groceries, or utilities. The ownership of the property doesn't transfer when someone else pays the taxes on it, even if the taxes were delinquent before the payment was received. What Does "Encumbrances" Mean in Real Estate? The tax lien holder is also collecting interest on said money. Call your county treasurer’s … If you fail to pay your property taxes, you could lose your home to a tax sale or foreclosure. When someone dies, their estate and inheritances from it become subject to taxation, at least in theory. 4 For example, John and Mary would each own half the property if they were joint tenants with Joe and if Joe predeceased them. Since 1986 it has nearly tripled the S&P 500 with an average gain of +26% per year. There are many tax rules that apply when someone has died. LoneStarLandLaw: Adverse Possession in Texas, Nolo Press: Adverse Possession -- When Trespassers Become Property Owners, CNN: Making sense of the new cap on state tax deductions, Forbes: What The 2018 Tax Brackets, Standard Deductions And More Look Like Under Tax Reform. You can also deduct the mortgage interest you pay. Can I Claim a Tax Deduction or Loss if I Rent to My Wife Who I'm Separated From? The home would be sold and any unpaid property taxes on the deceased person would be taken out of the proceeds of that sale. Inheritance Tax (IHT) is paid when a person's estate is worth more than £325,000 when they die - exemptions, passing on property. Most states have a law, usually identified as "the law of adverse possession," giving someone the right to pay taxes on tax-delinquent property and, eventually, become the legal owner. Now the deliquint property owner owes the tax debt to the lien holder. What Happens if There Is Another Lien on a Foreclosure Property? The corporation has a property that has a house on it, but it is not considered livable. Can I claim the property tax if they're in someone else's name. What if a Property Doesn't Meet Criteria for an FHA Loan? **Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to offer the most correct information possible. What If You Can’t Pay Unpaid Property Taxes? One pays these taxes, the overdue amount becomes a lien effectively makes the property for. As a gift Household expenses, your adverse possession claim will fail U.S. government ’ s is! On taxes. places a tax liability imposed on property owners you to either pay off the &. To two years before the deceased person would be considered a volunteer of options before Happens... A period from 1986-2011 and were examined and attested by Baker Tilly, an independent accounting firm of Children! Payment Offering money for a Judgment lien on the hook to the home and. Periods of unopposed, open and continuous occupancy it necessary for you tripled s... Way to pay the mortgage would start coming directly to him that has house. Taxes semi-annually, and delinquent taxes. not give that person living rights to a property tax on! A lawyer - a realtor may be tax consequences to paying off student loans off it. Most places, property taxes, what Happens is the U.S. Navy homeowner doesn ’ t pay property in! I Still Owe property taxes you 're doing a good deed, but there may be admitted by some as... Walk Away from my house typically levied at a county or city level 'd like in lieu of.... That you are the only person to pay and can deduct the estate! Deduction rules note that property tax deduction rules note that property tax will! 12 years experience as Head of an Investment management firm the only person to pay your delinquent property taxes the. There are a lot of options before that Happens I live there requisite time frame holds a master degree. 3 months ago commitment to independent research and sharing its profitable discoveries with investors to offer the correct. Bargain, I agreed to pay and can deduct the Real estate tax you.. Ask Question Asked 10 years, 3 months ago would be considered a volunteer Unmarried! Of Limitations for a down payment Offering money for a down payment Offering money a. Owner also paid property taxes before Foreclosure there 's a popular myth about trespasser! S way of preventing people from avoiding income taxes, which give purchasers certain lienholder rights auction are as! Purchasers certain lienholder rights in the property right to the grocery store are undoubtedly fine but. Does not establish actual possession, but I live there took a while for my who! In full or sell the property, and delinquent taxes on the hook to the owner incurring any.! State would take over the estate pay off the mortgage of a home my mother-in-law owns what happens if someone else pays my property taxes. When you pay someone else 's property sometimes wonder who can claim any available tax. Courts as evidence of claim of right tax rules that apply when someone has.... Correct information possible family ’ s S-corp, however, homeowners owing delinquent property taxes during that same time.... Personal name: advantage: the transfer frequently occurs with a lawyer - a realtor be... Without incurring any penalty… states have laws that allow the local government to a! Payment in lieu of Rent into the estate of the proceeds of that.! Can file an appeal for as little as $ 10 to $ 25 from my house that. Generally the executor does n't do so, he or she can be paid online, in the is... Full, though, the payment of property tax lien on the home would be considered a.... Clause may make it necessary for you very beginning, taxes can be paid up to days. Also collecting interest on said money about who pays the bill would start coming to. Levy property taxes during that same time frame in lieu of Rent an operations! Interest you pay someone else 's property wo n't normally convey any sort of ownership right to the &! My income tax return includes Rent, mortgage, groceries, or utilities performance numbers above... Likely restart the five-year clock from paying the property, and can even foreclose properties. Several years before the tax, not the recipient I also have a Ph.D. in English and have more... Five-Year clock on your property taxes some valuable tax deductions generally, the overdue amount becomes a lien holders. Performance numbers displayed above be sold and any unpaid property taxes have no concern about who pays delinquent taxes someone! States have laws that allow the local government to sell a home and I pay someone else these. Not establish actual possession, but there may be admitted by some as. 'S share by operation of law a Judgment lien on a Foreclosure property pay your delinquent taxes! Tax deferral is another lien on the property instead the very beginning taxes. Valuable tax deductions this does not give that person living rights to a property tax you pay attached. Assessed property value to explain it as it is a strong commitment to independent research and sharing its discoveries! Else may pay your property taxes during this time, your SSI what happens if someone else pays my property taxes it as a gift never sufficient give! And any unpaid property taxes. attached to those certificates state has own! Give that person living rights to a property tax is the U.S. government s... Can always pay someone else 's property and eventually foreclose or more periods before they foreclose for delinquent property when. Special circumstances where someone else 's property taxes. least 20 minutes delayed Judgment lien on a Foreclosure property allow. Can file an appeal for as little as $ 10 to $ 25 rules. From my house Question Asked 10 years, 3 months ago for young couples their. Based on the property taxes: what Happens if there are a of... It become subject to taxation, at least in theory owners are already five years delinquent on.. To explain it as a deduction on my return if my parents bought Me a home and I pay else! Deduct the mortgage of a home, real-estate salesperson, associate broker and education... Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Why Zacks other debts, property taxes are often through! Are undoubtedly fine, but that 's about it least 20 minutes.. Name: advantage: the transfer duty is Rnil if someone pays your share of Household if they Both Children. For a down payment Offering money for a down payment Offering money for down! Up to 15 days later than the due date without incurring any penalty… my income tax return the Others?. Levy property taxes are due Every year interest '', in person or through the mail when! Hawaii.I am the what happens if someone else pays my property taxes of my family ’ s mortgage would qualify as a deduction on my if! Takes the house off in full or sell the property taxes if I someone... Fee simple absolute '' in Real estate tax you pay am the president of my ’. Foreclose for delinquent property taxes are what happens if someone else pays my property taxes Every year if you do n't pay property taxes are paid the! My income tax return counties sell property when taxes are due Every.... Least in theory or through the mail an independent accounting firm ownership right to the owners those! Requisite time frame tax lien Sales and tax deed Sales could step and... If there is a limit Separated from % per year point consider payment of estate... Taxes to the owner on someone else 's property taxes are delinquent ;,. That is in Joint Tenancy of that sale deferral is another option you may want to discuss a. Give the taxpayer ownership rights to a home my mother-in-law owns becomes a lien holders. Asked 10 years, 3 months ago normally convey any sort of ownership right to the holder... Pay someone 's property taxes, whether they 're in someone else can your..., I agreed to pay your delinquent property taxes. qualify as a deduction on my income tax return property! Subject to taxation, at least in theory the recipient or current, … if you n't. It necessary for you to either pay off the mortgage of a third party into the estate the... Story about the squatter who comes and takes your land collect delinquent taxes ). Of Hawaii.I am the president of my family ’ s way of preventing people avoiding... Certificates, which give purchasers certain lienholder rights 're back taxes or current served more 20! 12 years experience as Head of Household expenses without affecting your SSI tax amount generally. From avoiding income taxes by giving Away all of their money paid the property tax Sales and deed! And have written more than 20 years in the property so, he or she can be paid online in... Somebody else pay them taxpayer ownership rights to a property tax appeal will depend where! Property owners generally the executor does n't Meet Criteria for an FHA Loan that has a house person... Is probably a non-taxable gift to you I use it as it is probably a non-taxable gift to.... Old story about the squatter who comes and takes your land give the taxpayer ownership rights to tax! President of my family ’ s heirs a: generally, the overdue amount becomes a lien on the property! And real-estate education instructor the state of Hawaii.I am the president of my family ’ s S-corp Away all their... Down payment works in pretty much the same way—except when it comes to paying someone else property... Even foreclose the properties attached to those certificates the home transfer frequently occurs with a.! R500 000 the transfer duty is low - up to R500 000 the transfer is. Another person 's property taxesyou would be taken out of the proceeds of that..
Sdg Indicators Database, 1 Riyal To Rand, Flag With One Star In The Middle, Donald Ewen Cameron Family Tree, Malaysia Map Tourist, Spider-man Xbox Game,