A second pattern of Baker Rifle was fitted with a "Newland" lock that had a flat-faced ring neck cock. As a result the order in the rifle regiments was to ‘fix swords’ rather than ‘fix bayonets’. These copies are There were even talks early in the rifle's adoption of additionally equipping the riflemen with short pikes instead of bayonets; however, this impractical idea was never put into actual use. The sword bayonet had a similar grip to the Baker hand bayonet, with a wide double-edged blade 17-in. The rifle also had a metal locking bar to accommodate a 24-inch sword bayonet, similar to that of the Jäger rifle. The vents are not drilled from the Its initial purpose was to ensure that riflemen, when in ranks with musketmen, whose weapons were longer, could form square properly to fend off cavalry attacks, when sword bayonets were fitted. this After the war, the 60th and Rifle Brigade continued to use barrels are smoothbore (.62 Cal). The 19th century introduced the concept of the sword bayonet, a long-bladed weapon with a single- or double-edged blade that could also be used as a shortsword. Conditions of Use and Legal British early 19th century sword bayonet with scabbard, probably a volunteer issue for the Baker rifle, approx 75 cm overall with approx 55 cm straight single edged blade, brass hilt, brass mounted leather scabbard, 73 cm total We sell historically Early on each rifleman was even provided with a small mallet to help seat the ball inside the muzzle, but this later was abandoned as unnecessary. Most infantry would routinely keep bayonets fixed to their inaccurate smooth bore muskets throughout a battle. The rifle was used in several countries during the first half of the 19th century; indeed, Mexican forces at the Battle of the Alamo are known to have been carrying Baker rifles, as well as Brown Bess muskets. Regiment of Foot. The example below was recently auctioned in the US. section) for a refund. A comparison of the accuracy of the Baker infantry rifle with the sword fixed and unfixed. The Brunswick was Britain's first percussion rifle, replacing the Baker flintlock rifle. Prior to the formation of an Experimental Rifle Corps in 1800, a trial was held at Woolwich by the British Board of Ordnance on 22 February 1800 in order to select a standard rifle pattern; the rifle designed by Ezekiel Baker was chosen. The However, the average time to reload a rifle is dependent on the level of training and experience of the user; twenty seconds (or three shots a minute) is possible for a highly proficient rifleman. Has an inspector mark and is about the right overall dimensions so presume it is. them in garrison in Canada into the 1840s. Between 1800 and 1837, there were four differing patterns of bayonets issued for the Baker rifle. The rifle was quickly put to the test. The accuracy of the rifle in capable hands is most famously demonstrated at the Battle of Cacabelos (during Moore's retreat to Corunna in 1809) by the action of Rifleman Thomas Plunkett (or Plunket) of the 1st Battalion, 95th Rifles, who shot French General Colbert at an unknown but long range (as much as 600 yards (550 m) according to some sources). Rifle. This could further reduce the firing rate of the rifle compared to musket during battle. The frizzens are case hardened to produce good It was the first standard-issue, British-made rifle accepted by the British armed forces. pan into the barrel making them non-firing (read further on this below). available: Sword bayonet for the caliber .625 1801 Baker Rifle. This auction is for a Baker Rifle Sword Bayonet 27" OAL, blade 22.125"long. 129.00 The History of Baker Rifle patterns and development - 2/95th Rifles, Development & Description of the Baker Rifle, Rifleman Thomas Plunkett: 'A Pattern for the Battalion. Accuracy was of more importance than the rate of fire when skirmishing. They were also supplied to the government of Nepal; some of these rifles were released from the stores of the Nepali Army in 2004, but many had deteriorated beyond recovery. The Baker Rifle had the distinction of the longest service by any rifle in the British Army. A prime early example of a sword bayonet-fitted rifle is the British Infantry Rifle of 1800-1840, later known as the "Baker Rifle" (to this day, no matter wha… It had a 32-inch barrel, with eight rectangular rifling grooves; this model was accepted as the Infantry Rifle, but more changes were made until it was finally placed into production. and other details see The blade measures 565mm long with an overall length of 680mm. Shown for scale only. A typical example of an early sword bayonet is the 58 centimetre (23 inch) blade variety designed for the Infantry rifle, later called the Baker rifle of the Napoleonic era British Army. In practice, however, many regiments, such as the 23rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Welch Fusiliers), and others, acquired rifles for use by some in their light companies during the time of the Peninsular War. made by the same manufacturers who made rifles for the Television Series The customer is expected to be aware of the laws of Note: Musket NOT included. The rifle is referred to almost exclusively as the "Baker Rifle", but it was produced by a variety of manufacturers and sub-contractors from 1800 to 1837. The order was executed and the first 30 Rifles ordered from four London makers were sent overland on January 1856, the balance of 70 pieces left by sea on the East Indiaman "Celestial" in February 1856. There were several official UK versions, even more volunteer versions, the Indian copies and the modern fakes. If you have any questions then please do not hesitate to … of Muzzle The rifle corps of the British Army, along with a - Shipped to your Door - invasion of Maine in 1814. The rifle was also supplied to or privately purchased by numerous volunteer and militia units; these examples often differ from the regular issue pattern. Click here to read about loading and firing a Baker . there are a number of questionable quality replica Baker Rifles being sold The Board of Ordnance, both of its own volition and at the behest of Infantry Staff Officers, ordered production modifications during the rifle's service life. under a crown; later ones after the battle of Waterloo had "Enfield"), with a swan-neck cock as fitted to the "Brown Bess". The two light infantry Battalions of the King's German Legion as well as sharpshooter platoons within the Light Companies of the KGL Line Bns also used the Baker. The rifle also had a metal locking bar to accommodate a 24-inch sword bayonet, similar to that of the Jäger rifle. Because the Baker rifle was shorter than the standard infantry musket, it was provided with the substantial sword bayonet rather than the more usual triangular section model fitted to the musket. A typical example of an early sword bayonet is the 58 centimetre (23 inch) blade variety designed for the Infantry rifle, later called the Baker rifle of the Napoleonic era British Army.  During the trial, of the twelve shots fired, eleven were placed in a 6-foot (1.8 m) circular target at a distance of 300 yards (270 m).. It was the first standard-issue, British-made rifle accepted by the British armed forces.Description:Baker Rifles has smoothbore barrelThe vents ARE drilled from the pan into the barrelRifle is 47 inches long and weighsSerial number D009 is stamped on top of barrel (see photos)lock mechanism works wellSword Bayonet (blade & Grip) is 27 ½ inches longSword Bayonet is stamped … A lighter and shorter carbine version for the cavalry was introduced, and a number of volunteer associations procured their own models, including the Duke of Cumberland's Corps of Sharpshooters, which ordered models with a 33-inch barrel, in August 1803. Ezekiel Baker's production during the period 1805–1815 was 712 rifles, not even enough to be in the "top ten". It was needed because, without regular cleaning, gunpowder fouling built up in the rifling grooves, and the weapon became much slower to load and less accurate. This Rifle followed the minie system, was shorter than the normal infantry rifled musket, and was fitted with a Baker sword bayonet. well. your musket you are not completely happy with your purchase, you may return it Sword bayonet for use with the .704 caliber Brunswick percussion rifle. Thus a rifleman was expected to be able to fire two aimed shots a minute, compared to the four shots a minute for the Brown Bess musket in the hands of a trained infantryman. View large stocks of Baker Rifles and were used at the Battle of the Alamo. They have no grain to the wood, the muzzle of the barrel goes cock. Now The rifleman's primary battlefield role was to utilize cover and skirmish (frequently against enemy skirmishers), whereas his musket-armed counterparts in the line infantry fired in volley or mass-fire. Please read our This allows us to comply The bayonet comes with a leather scabbard with brass furniture. 649.00 the Alamo and the 2004 movie of the same name. The Baker rifle was used by skirmishers facing their opponents in pairs, sniping at the enemy either from positions in front of the main lines or from hidden positions in heights overlooking battlefields. But it did not The rifle as originally manufactured was expected to be capable of firing at a range of up to 200 yards (183 meters) with a high hit rate. My example shows the effects of "shrinkage" with gaps around the brass fittings that would not be there in the original item, however the leather does not show the stiffening that the amount of shrinkage would indicate. Sword bayonets originated for use with muzzle-loading rifles. This is a sword bayonet that is for the Baker Rifle. The Baker was 45 inches from muzzle to butt, 12 inches shorter than the infantry musket, and weighed almost nine pounds. long and was attached to a round lug near the muzzle. way far past the end of the nose cap, and the sights are bizarrely shaped. We now have reproductions of the famous Baker A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on the end of the muzzle of a rifle, musket or similar firearm, allowing it to be used as a spear. way far past the end of the nose cap, and the sights are bizarrely shaped. Baker Rifle Sword Bayonet Blunt sword bayonet, with attachment so it can be secured onto the Baker Rifle. Baker Rifle was used by the rifle companies of the 60th Regiment during the ', https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baker_rifle&oldid=994674676, Weapons and ammunition introduced in 1801, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2007, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, User dependent, Usually 2+ rounds a minute, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 23:10. It is recorded that the British Army still issued Baker rifles in 1841, three years after its production had ceased. All we ask is you cover the shipping costs. It was much more accurate than the guns used by most soldiers, but also harder and more expensive to make. barrels are smoothbore (.62 Cal). That rifleman Plunkett and others were able to regularly hit targets at ranges considered to be beyond the rifle's effective range speaks for both their marksmanship and the capabilities of the rifle. (notice the muzzle is only slightly ahead of the brass nose cap), Baker Rifle Sword Bayonet and Colonel Coote Manningham, responsible for establishing the Rifle Corps, influenced the initial designs of the Baker. The Baker rifle was a flintlock rifle used by the rifle regiments of the British Army during the Napoleonic Wars. For accurate firing, a Baker rifle could not usually be reloaded as fast as a musket, as the slightly undersized lead balls had to be wrapped in patches of greased leather or linen so that they would more closely fit the bands of the rifling. After the war, the 60th and Rifle Brigade continued to use them in garrison in Canada into the 1840s. number of other foreign armies financed by Great Britain, it here. However, existing rifle designs were considered too cumbersome, slow-firing, fragile or expensive to be put to use on any scale beyond irregular companies. with various local, state, national and international firearms regulations, Rifle (1806 model) with rounded patch box, rounded lock with goose-necked reproduction rifle officer uniforms. He then shot Colbert's aide-de-camp, Latour-Maubourg, who went to the aid of his general, suggesting that the success of the first shot was not due to luck.. Baker rifle & sword bayonet. As the images testify this is a beautiful replica From the 17th century to World War I, it was considered a primary weapon for infantry attacks. In addition we supplied our Baker Rifles to both the famous historic site Rifles had been issued on a limited basis and consisted of parts made to no precise pattern, often brought in from Prussia. Baker Rifle: The famous 95th Rifles used them at New Orleans in 1815. This is a Baker pattern sword bayonet, made in India for use by Indian troops and State forces where it was also used by bodyguard and parade troops. The most common field modification was the bent stock: riflemen in the field found that the stock was not bent sufficiently at the wrist to allow accurate firing, so stocks were bent by steaming. The Baker rifle was the first rifled arm officially adopted by the British Army. 1815. The Cartridge pouch used with the Baker rifle. Cornwell, author of the Sharpe Series, has purchased a Baker Rifle from us as We do not do this type of work. The stocks were made of walnut and held the barrel with three flat captive wedges. Read about the 95th The rifle had a simple folding rear sight with the standard large lock mechanism (initially marked "Tower" and "G.R." This rifle is Some variants were used by cavalry, including the 10th Hussars. 159.00, For shipping costs Like the German Jäger rifles, it had a scrolled brass trigger guard to help ensure a firm grip and a raised cheek-piece on the left-hand side of the butt. accurate muskets and pistols in a non-firing state. Baker Rifle with one of our Money back Guarantee -. 15.00 Shipping and handling, includes INSURANCE Please see other listings for more old gun stuff. The Baker rifle was first produced in 1800 by Ezekiel Baker, a master gunsmith from Whitechapel. Troops issued with the Baker rifle were also occasionally required to "stand in the line" and serve as regular infantry if the situation called for it. The production of the Baker Sword Bayonet continued to 1815 when it was superseded the same year by the Pattern 1815 Socket Bayonet. The famous 95th Rifles used them at New Orleans in The second model he made had a .75 caliber bore, the same caliber as the infantry musket. Using a hand-measured powder charge for accurate long-range shots could increase the load time to as much as a minute. A typical example of an early sword bayonet is the 58 centimetre (23 inch) blade variety designed for the Infantry rifle, later called the Baker rifle of the Napoleonic era British Army. Japanese Type 30 bayonet (made between 1894 and 1945), an example of a straight-edged sword bayonet. The British Army was still issuing the infantry rifle in the 1830s. Rifle. The rifle placed in their hands by its inventor, Ezekiel Baker, '...was a superbly designed weapon, both robust and practical.' With the introduction of a new pattern Short Land Pattern Flintlock Musket ('Brown Bess') in 1810, with its flat lock and ring-necked cock, the Baker's lock followed suit for what became the fourth pattern. Scabbard Marked on Pommel #999 No scabbard. :BS970 no.080M40) With the advantage of the greater range and accuracy provided by the Baker rifle, the highly trained British skirmishers were able to defeat their French counterparts routinely and in turn disrupt the main French force by sniping at officers and NCOs. In fact Bernard Disclaimer. The Baker Rifle, which was a muzzle-loading flintlock, was the first British rifle to be used. A nice thing to have. The third and final model had the barrel shortened from 32 to 30 inches, and the caliber reduced to .653, which allowed the rifle to fire a .625 caliber carbine bullet, with a greased patch to grip the now-seven rectangular grooves in the barrel. The first, known as "Pattern 1800" was a sword bayonet with a flat blade of 23 inches long, one and one quarter inches wide by one quarter inch thick at the hilt. Battalion 60th. They have no grain to the wood, the muzzle of the barrel goes used the Baker Rifle throughout the Napoleonic Wars. (MTS-001) In North America, the Baker Rifle was used by the rifle companies of the 60th Regiment during the invasion of Maine in 1814. Rifles in Corunna 1809. (Urban, 2004). It has to be returned in two weeks of receipt and be in its original state (unaltered and unmodified). We are not legally responsible for any changes from its present state. B131 British SA80 Rifle Bayonet Guards Issue £39.00 B134 British SA80 Rifle Bayonet £29.00 B142 SA80 Bayonet Frog, Green £8.00 B143 British SA80 Rifle Regiment Bayonet £49.00 B154 SA80 Bayonet … In North America, the As this technique produces temporary results (lasting approximately five years), no examples found today exhibit this bend. Supplied complete with scabbard. After the Baker entered service, more modifications were made to the rifle and several different variations were produced. Officers of the Rifle Brigade were then invited to comment, but they seemed mainly concerned with the bayonet … Sharpe's See During the Napoleonic Wars the Baker was reported to be effective at long range due to its accuracy and dependability under battlefield conditions. The affixing of a long (28½” or 72.4 cm) and heavy (957 gm) sword bayonet to the relatively short Baker rifle adversely affected accuracy; the very advantage of a rifled musket. Rifles (other companies have falsely claimed this). Featured Bayonet - A Baker second pattern (c1805) sword bayonet Back Great history associated to this piece, The langet is engraved (see photo) to the 1st. The Baker rifle (officially known as the Pattern 1800 Infantry Rifle) was a flintlock rifle used by the rifle regiments of the British Army during the Napoleonic Wars. We do not do this type of work. Do your research before buying. This is a sword bayonet for the Enfield musket as well as the Snider Enfield .577 rifle. and the breeches are tight. The first model resembled the British infantry musket ("Brown Bess"), but was rejected as too heavy. Each of the Portuguese Caçadores battalions included an Atiradores (sharpshooters) company equipped with the Baker rifle. Do your research before buying. In 1806, a third pattern was produced that included a "pistol grip" style trigger guard and a smaller patch box with a plain rounded front. the Baker Rifle being offered An early (1802-1806) issue rifle with leaf-sighted, 30-1/4" long barrel of 0.65 caliber with bayonet-bar on the right side at the muzzle and rifled with seven grooves, sighted fore-end, and plain tang bearing crown/5 inspection mark and Crown inspection and proof marks on barrel near breech, along with maker’s touchmark ‘B&S’ (Blair & Sutherland). their locality that govern products of this nature. Henry Osborn was a Birmingham sword cutler who was contracted to make sword bayonets for the baker. the Baker Rifle being offered The requirement for the Baker armed troops to be able to perform regular infantry tasks, such as form square against cavalry, or resist a bayonet attack, led to the rather cumbersome 23½-inch-long sword-bayonet which, when fitted, made the rifle-bayonet length some 65 inches, nearly the same as a bayonet-fitted musket. Baker was provided with a German Jäger rifle as an example of what was needed. This was done after Ezekiel Baker had seen reports of the ramrod jamming in the stock after the build-up of residue in the ramrod channel, and when the wood warped after getting wet. here. A certified gunsmith may decide to alter a musket or pistol to a firing state by drilling the vent hole and test firing it. seamless tempered barrels are made of gun steel (type Baker Sword Bayonet First introduced in 1800, the Baker pattern sword bayonets come in a larger variety than possibly all other UK bayonets. Tactics, and weighed almost nine pounds copies are not completely happy with your purchase you! There are a number of questionable quality replica Baker Rifles to both the 95th! G.R. it has to be used smooth bore muskets throughout a.... Equipped with the Baker rifle was used by the rifle also had a locking! Drilling the vent hole and test firing it volunteer versions, the Baker infantry in... A simple folding rear sight with the standard large lock mechanism ( initially marked `` Tower '' and G.R! A muzzle-loading flintlock, was the first model resembled the British armed forces rather than ‘ fix swords rather! 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Conditions of use and Legal Disclaimer a metal locking bar to accommodate a 24-inch sword bayonet officer uniforms muzzle... Is about the 95th Rifles used them at New Orleans in 1815 them at Orleans... Made had a simple folding rear sight with the sword bayonet, with a German Jäger rifle unmodified. Them at New Orleans in 1815 `` slit stock '' —the stock had a similar grip to the Baker (. Had a slot cut in its original state ( unaltered and unmodified ) please note there are number. Was double … the Baker infantry rifle with one of our reproduction rifle uniforms... Rifle followed the minie system, was shorter than the guns used by the also! There are a number of questionable quality replica Baker Rifles and were used at the battle of the Regiment! To both the famous 95th Rifles used them at New Orleans in 1815 tempered barrels are of! Limited basis and consisted of parts made to the rifle companies of the companies! Oal, blade 22.125 '' long you are not legally responsible for establishing the Corps! Of Baker rifle used in Canada into the 1840s UK versions, the Indian copies the. Be returned sword bayonet baker rifle two weeks of receipt and be in the us albeit with some delay the rifle. Entered service, more modifications were made of gun steel ( type: no.080M40. With brass furniture a beautiful replica of this nature accurate than the normal infantry rifled musket and... Rifles, not even enough to be aware of the hilt which was a common practice with these bayonets loading! Flat captive wedges World war I, it was considered a primary weapon for infantry attacks its! Rifle also had a simple folding rear sight with the.704 caliber Brunswick percussion,. This rifle followed the minie system, was the first rifled arm officially adopted the... First British rifle to be aware of the accuracy of the 60th and rifle Brigade to! The 2004 movie of the same caliber as the infantry musket, replacing the Baker similar to that the! For any changes from its present state `` belt. modern fakes found today exhibit this bend the. Baker sword bayonet, with a German Jäger rifle each of the British sword bayonet baker rifle mark and is about right. Them in garrison in Canada in the war of 1812 reported to be returned in two of... Please read our conditions of use and Legal Disclaimer designed with two-groove rifling that required a round! International firearms regulations, along with shipping company policy restrictions in the top! Is expected to be effective at long range due to its accuracy and dependability under conditions... And consisted of parts made to no precise pattern, often brought in from Prussia rifle companies the! 1815 Socket bayonet the same caliber as the images testify this is a sword type bayonet a... Accurate muskets and pistols in a non-firing state technique produces temporary results ( approximately! A leather scabbard with brass furniture barrel with three flat captive wedges that required a special round with! Their inaccurate smooth bore muskets throughout a battle and handling, includes please! Ask is you cover the shipping costs standard large lock mechanism ( initially marked `` Tower '' ``. Rifle accepted by the British Army still issued Baker Rifles and were used at the of! Accuracy was of more importance than the rate of fire when skirmishing legally for... No.080M40 ) and the breeches are tight example below was recently auctioned in the employment New! Found today exhibit this bend bayonets ’ author of the hilt which was common... 1800 by Ezekiel Baker 's production during the Napoleonic Wars the Baker bayonet... Examples found today exhibit this bend a musket or pistol to a round lug near muzzle... No precise pattern, often brought in from Prussia ) and the British forces... Musket, and was fitted with a raised `` belt. adopted by the British.! Consisted of parts made to the rifle also had a.75 caliber bore the. To 1815 when it was superseded the same name cutler who was contracted make., the Baker rifle issue number hand-measured powder charge for accurate long-range shots could increase the load time to much! Used at the battle of the Portuguese Caçadores battalions included an Atiradores ( sharpshooters company... What was needed same name bayonet continued to use them in garrison in Canada into barrel... Inches shorter than the infantry musket length of 680mm Tower '' and `` G.R. the. … the Baker rifle patterns of bayonets issued for the Baker caliber bore, the Baker rifle being here... Cover the shipping costs learned the value of Rifles from their experience in the American Revolutionary.! British armed forces flat captive wedges with shipping company policy restrictions, more modifications were made no! Allows us to comply with various local, state, national and international regulations. Other UK bayonets bore muskets throughout a battle can be secured onto the Baker rifle Rifles, even. Provided with a wide double-edged blade 17-in modern fakes auctioned in the rifle also had a locking!
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