20 November 1946: An RAF York crashed in the desert south of Helwan, Egypt. [8] Each engine drove a three-bladed constant-speed fully feathering metal propeller, manufactured by de Havilland Hydromatic. The versions of the Tudor are listed below: Avro 688 Tudor 1. Our 31 inch seat pitch provides comfort and space so that passengers can relax. The Avro 691 Lancastrian was a Canadian and British passenger and mail transport aircraft of the 1940s and 1950s developed from the Avro Lancaster heavy bomber. RJ85 / Vehicle, Gothenburg Sweden, 2011 (On 8 September 2011, a Brussels Airlines Avro RJ85 on the take off roll at Gothenburg came close to collision with a vehicle which the subsequent investigation found had been issued with clearance to enter the same runway as a result of controller error in the context of non-essential conversation. Several Lancastrians were allocated for engine test-bed work with turbojet engines replacing the outer Merlin engines or test piston engines in the inner nacelles. Aircraft Description. Avro 685 York 1942: TRANSPORT, PASSENGER: Virtual Aircraft Museum / United Kingdom / Avro : The York transport aircraft was developed from the Lancaster bomber. The Lancastrian was basically a modified Lancaster bomber without armour or armament and with the gun turrets … Flight testing of the two prototypes quickly validated the type's short-field performance. [10], On 21 February 1944, the first civilian York (G-AGJA), initially built for the RAF as MW103, received its airworthiness certificate, thus clearing its delivery shortly thereafter to the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC). It also served with the RAF; RAF Lancaster I serial number PD328, was converted to a Lancastrian and renamed Aries, as well as serving with Qantas and Flota Aérea Mercante Argentina. Die Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow war ein Deltaflügel-Abfangjäger des kanadischen Herstellers Avro Aircraft (Canada). The Avro RJ Series includes the Avro RJ aircraft, a four engined regional aircraft series by British Aerospace. While there are no flying examples of the Avro York, there are two complete examples on display. "The Avro Type 685 York. BAE SYSTEMS AVRO RJ-100. [5], Flights were soon established to Johannesburg, South Africa, in conjunction with South African Airways; Yorks assigned to this route outfitted with a total of 12 sleeping berths in addition to passenger seating due to the journey time. – a 1945 advertisement in, de Havilland DH.82C Tiger Moth & Menasco Moth, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Avro_Lancastrian&oldid=1004281501, Articles needing additional references from June 2018, All articles needing additional references, Aircraft specs templates using more performance parameter, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Avro Avro 691 Lancastrian 3 G-AGWH cn 1280 'Stardust' BSAA (British South American Airways). It also had a telephone, an instrument panel, drinking facilities and an ashtray with room for cigars, a thermos flask, newspapers and books. Passengers were subjected to very noisy conditions due to the aircraft's engines,[10] but from a pilot's perspective, the York was reasonably pleasant to fly. 4. AVRO RJ100 Jota Aviation’s Avro RJ100 in 97 economy configuration is ideal for larger groups travelling together. Die Tragflächen und das Leitwerk des Schulterdeckers stammten von der Avro Lancaster. According to the Stockholm-based airline, the Avro jets are being retired earlier than planned due to the ongoing Coronavirus crisis. [3], On 25 March 1943, RAF Transport Command had been formed, which soon established a clear requirement for the strengthening of Britain's air transport forces; the York became the first British aircraft to be used in quantity by Transport Command. Photo: Wiki Commons Design and Development. In response to the prototype's favourable performance during trials, the Air Ministry issued an order for three more prototypes of various configurations to be built along with an initial production batch under Specification C.1/42, part of Operational Requirement OR.113 for a new transport aircraft. The wreckage was found by a villager in June 1945. On a demonstration flight on 23 April 1945, G-AGLF flew 13,500 mi (21,700 km) from England to Auckland, New Zealand in three days, 14 hours at an average speed of 220 mph (354 km/h). Cruise 485 mph. Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow. Avro Jetliner. 11 April 1946: An RAF York crashed and burned on takeoff from, 7 September 1946: A British South American Airways York, 6 October 1946: An RAF York crashed in the. Ascalon was to be fitted with a special pressurised "egg" so that VIP passengers could be carried without their having to use an oxygen mask. Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory was killed on 14 November 1944, while flying to his new posting in Ceylon to take command of Allied air operations in the Pacific, when York MW126 struck a ridge in the French Alps in a blizzard, 30 miles (48 km) south of Grenoble, France. Early Avro aircraft have been identified in reference works as Roe I Biplane, Roe I Triplane etc., although these designations do not seem to appear in the contemporay press and are unlikely to have been used by Roe or the fledgling company. They would have seated 70 and 80 passengers respectively, but these two designs matured in the Avro RJ70 (officially Avro 146-RJ70) with improved FADEC equipped LF-507 engines and digital avionics. The Avro Canada C102 Jetliner was a Canadian prototype medium-range turbojet-powered jet airliner built by Avro Canada in 1949. The Tudor I was designed by Roy Chadwick using the Merlin engines and wing of the Lincoln married to a new circular cross section fuselage and tailplane. In May 1986, the aircraft was dismantled and on 23 May made its journey to Duxford on seven low-loaders. Ausgangspunkt war eine Entwurfsstudie aus dem Jahr 1953. Used for afterburner research and later development and certification of the Ghost 50 for the Comet 1 a. BAe 146-300 salon is equipped with good sound insulation, lighting and more non-straight shelves for hand luggage. Avro Vulcan. 511 Squadron became the first squadron to be fully equipped with Yorks; eventually a total of ten squadrons of RAF Transport Command were wholly or partially equipped with the York. [2][5] Only eight aircraft of the second order for 100 aircraft were produced; in April 1948, the final York, PE108, was completed. [9] Emergency exits were present in the ceiling of each cabin. Range 1500 nm The biggest member of the family, the 146-300 based RJ100, first flew on May 13 1992. On 2 August 1947 Lancastrian G-AGWH Star Dust of British South American Airways was lost in the Andes, whilst en route from Buenos Aires, Argentina, to Santiago, Chile. All produced passenger variants of the Avro RJ series are available. [3] The fourth prototype, LV639, was furnished as a paratroop transport, complete with ventral dropping doors. On 7 October 1952, BOAC withdrew its Yorks from passenger services, retaining the type for freight operations. The Lancaster was named after Lancaster, Lancashire; a Lancastrian is an inhabitant of Lancashire. Length:69 ft 4 in (21.11 m) 3. [11], In 1945, No. Der ursprüngliche Entwurf mit der Bezeichnung HS.146 stammt von Hawker Siddeley aus dem Jahr 1973. Empty weight:36,457 lb (16,571 kg) 7. Data fromAvro Aircraft since 1908 1. It was beaten to the air by only 13 days by the de Havilland Comet, thereby becoming the second jet airliner in the world. The York saw service in military and civilian roles with various operators between 1943 and 1964. In July 1954, MW232 became G-ANTK with Dan Air and it was used for freight work until its retirement in May 1964. The Avro Type 688 Tudor was a British piston-engined airliner based on Avro's four-engine Lincoln bomber, itself a descendant of the famous Lancaster heavy bomber, and was Britain's first pressurised airliner.Customers saw the aircraft as little more than a pressurised DC-4 Skymaster, and few orders were forthcoming, important customers preferring to buy US aircraft. The Lancaster was named after Lancaster, Lancashire; a Lancastrian is an inhabitant of Lancashire. PASSENGER: Virtual Aircraft Museum / Canada / Avro Canada : One of the first tasks of the new Canadian company, following formation of Avro Aircraft Ltd, was the origination in 1946 of the design for a 50-seat medium-range civil transport. When the Distant Early Warning Line (Dew Line) was being constructed in Canada in the late 1950s, the York was introduced as a freighter by Associated Airways to support the initiative, these being used later in ordinary airline service. 24 built, 4 by HAL: HS748 Srs 1A: Srs 1 modified with engines and undercarriage as the Srs 2A aircraft. During its first major overhaul by Avro at Manchester (Ringway) in 1945, the aircraft was repainted a light duck egg green, a shade intended to cool down the aeroplane, instead of its former normal camouflage colour scheme. [14], In 1954, the French Aéronavale procured five Yorks from the British Air Ministry and operated the type at Le Bourget for around a year. 5. It then retired to 12 Maintenance Unit at Kirkbride for storage prior to disposal. The probable cause of the crash was a navigation error due to the then-unknown effect of the fast-moving jetstream. [7] BOAC's Yorks continued to operate freight schedules until November 1957 when the last example was withdrawn. The company's decision to embark on this venture was considered to be ambitious, especially as the development project operated with no official backing early on. Avroliner 100 signifies for 100 passengers. The Avro Type 694 Lincoln is a British four-engined heavy bomber, which first flew on 9 June 1944. [5] In total, in excess of 1,000,000 tons was carried by the York fleet;[12] the type had borne close to half of the British contribution, alongside other aircraft such as the Douglas Dakota and Handley Page Hastings. The main entrance door was set between the two cabins, along with cloakrooms and lavatory, and a kitchen and baggage hold was located at the rear of the cabin. The Avro York was a British transport aircraft developed by Avro during the Second World War. BAE SYSTEMS AVRO RJ-100. [8], In a typical passenger configuration, the York could accommodate a 21-seat three-abreast arrangement split between the fore and aft cabins. The Avro RJ is powered by four Honeywell LF507-1F high bypass engines of modular design. The original short-fuselage Tudor for the Atlantic route, seating 12-24 passengers. [6] This aircraft would later be purchased by Skyways Ltd.[7], The Avro York was a high-wing cantilever monoplane, using an all-metal construction, with many similarities to the Lancaster from which it was derived. Choose between 6 highly accurate and detailed models. LV626, the first prototype, was rebuilt to the C.II standard, the principal modification of which was the installation of Bristol Hercules VI radial engines in place of the Merlins; it was later decided to standardise on the Merlin engine, leaving this as the sole Hercules-powered York. Height:20 ft 6 in (6.25 m) 5. Member of AVRO/AI(R) RJ family updated and re-engined types of BAe-146-300. [5] Several early production aircraft intended for RAF service were instead diverted to BOAC, who had otherwise received little in the way of similar aircraft prior to delivery of the first York in April 1944. AVCON GmbH is pleased to offer this BAe146 aircraft for lease and will be happy to provide further information on application. [5], Abroad, a single pattern aircraft was completed by Victory Aircraft in Canada; however, no further orders were received. Within five months, the company refined the design and had quickly assembled an initial prototype. Saved by Tim Clark. The 146-100 based RJ70 was delivered from late 1993 but due to low customer interest, only 12 were sold. [1], Roy Chadwick, Avro's chief designer, had foreseen a need for a transport aircraft that was powered by four engines and would be capable of flying for long distances. Description. 1 Design and development 2 Operational history 2.1 Specials 3 Variants 4 Operators 4.1 Military operators 4.2 Civil operators 5 Survivors 6 Accidents and incidents 7 Specifications (Avro York… Avroliner 100 signifies for 100 passengers. In 1946 a Lancastrian operated by BSAA was the first aircraft to make a scheduled flight from the then-newly opened London Heathrow Airport. 1952. Short range regional airliner. The aircraft was a twin-motor, a low-wing, retractable undercarriage monoplane with a tailwheel included. The Avro York was a British transport aircraft developed by Avro during the Second World War.The design was derived from the Avro Lancaster heavy bomber, several sections of the York and Lancaster being identical.Due to the importance of Lancaster production, York output proceeded at a slow pace until 1944, after which a higher priority was placed upon transport aircraft. 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